A cataract is the clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. The clouding prevents light entering the eye from being focused on the retina. The lens clouds naturally as we age, resulting in a gradual decrease of eyesight. Cataracts usually progress slowly to cause visual loss and are potentially blinding if left untreated. The condition usually affects both eyes, but one is usually affected earlier than the other. In the United States of America, age-related lens changes have been reported in 42% of people between the ages of 52 to 64, 60% of people between 65 to 74, and 91% of people between the ages of 75 to 85.
The experienced surgeons of Florida Eye Clinic perform over 4,000 successful cataract surgeries every year. Since the Florida Eye Clinic Ambulatory Surgery Center opened in 1984, over 100,000 successful surgeries have been performed, making Florida Eye Clinic the surgical center with the longest experience with high-tech cataract surgery in Central Florida.
Symptoms of Cataracts
- Blurred or hazy vision
- A "film" or "fog" over the eye
- Decreased contrast (newspaper or book ink fading)
- Decreased brightness of colors
- Glare from sunlight
- Halos around lights (like oncoming headlights)
- Light sensitivity
- Frequent changes in eyeglass prescription
- Cannot follow the golf ball after hitting it
These symptoms are usually not always associated with cataracts. If you experience one or more symptoms, you should schedule an examination with a Florida Eye Clinic specialist.
Click the example images below to view symptoms of cataracts.
Surgery is the only effective treatment of cataracts. It is recommended when you have difficulty performing your daily activities or doing things you enjoy. Advancements in technology have made cataract surgery one of the most successful forms of surgery performed today. 95% of the patients who have had cataract surgery enjoy excellent vision. Florida Eye Clinic cataract specialists perform the most advanced type of surgery using the latest techniques, including the "no injection", "no stitch" surgery. Patients are routinely sedated intravenously. The latest process called phacoemulsification is used to remove the cataract with sound waves. A small instrument is placed through a tiny incision. Sound waves break up the cloudy lens into microscopic fragments, which are gently removed. Most of the time, the incision is self-sealing, requiring no sutures.
When the cataract is removed, it is replaced with an intraocular lens (IOL). By carefully measuring many parts of the eye before surgery using the latest technology, our Florida Eye Clinic cataract specialists carefully select an intraocular lens for each eye. Some patients opt for the latest lens technology called a multifocal or accommodative lens, which may allow for clear vision both at distance and near usually without the need for glasses. For those patients who have had astigmatism, a Toric or astigmatism correcting lens can be used. Others may choose a monofocal lens often allowing for clear vision at distance without glasses. These patients usually require reading glasses. All the most advanced intraocular lens options are available at the Florida Eye Clinic. Your cataract specialist will discuss these options with you at the time of your examination.
The highly experienced surgeons at the Florida Eye Clinic perform over 4,000 successful cataract surgeries every year. Since the Florida Eye Clinic Ambulatory Surgical Center opened in 1984, over 100,000 successful eye surgeries have been performed making Florida Eye Clinic's Ambulatory Surgical Center the facility with the largest experience high-tech cataract surgery in Central Florida.
Custom Cataract Surgery
Patients who are nearsighted or farsighted can usually have these visual problems corrected at the time of traditional cataract surgery using a standard or monofocal intraocular lens (IOL). These patients often have great distance vision without glasses but depend on reading glasses up close.
With custom cataract surgery however, the goal is to improve vision and decrease dependence on glasses or bifocals. The majority of patients who choose custom cataract surgery report that they can read a book or magazine, work on the computer, drive in daylight or night, play golf and tennis with increased freedom from glasses. Custom cataract surgery addresses two conditions: astigmatism and presbyopia.
Astigmatism Correcting Intraocular Lenses
When the surface of the cornea has an uneven curvature, vision becomes distorted. This irregularity is called corneal astigmatism. A person who has both a cataract and corneal astigmatism will not have clear distance vision after cataract surgery unless the astigmatism is also corrected. There are several options your surgeon can choose from to correct astigmatism, including Lasik vision correction or limbal relaxing incisions. At the time of the cataract surgery however, your surgeon can choose a special astigmatism correcting intraocular lens called a Toric intraocular lens. This is an implantable lens that makes it possible to treat the cataract and correct corneal astigmatism at the same time.
Presbyopia Correcting Intraocular Lenses
Presbyopia is an age-related condition that most people over the age of 40 experience. This condition results in the difficulty seeing up close without bifocals or reading glasses. Patients who have traditional cataract surgery with standard monofocal intraocular lenses develop "instant presbyopia", because these intraocular lenses focus at only one distance. Most patients usually need glasses for near and intermediate distance. By choosing custom cataract with a presbyopia correcting intraocular lens however, patients are usually much less dependent on glasses or bifocals at all distances. If you are considering cataract surgery, you may be a candidate for custom cataract surgery with a presbyopic correcting intraocular lens that can provide a full range of vision. This means that one may see clearly at distance, near and in-between with little or no dependence on bifocals or reading glasses. There are several types of presbyopia correcting intraocular lenses. Your surgeon will take careful measurements of your eye and discuss with you your lifestyle needs. You and your surgeon will then decide together which lens is the best for you.
To learn more about our Eye Care Services, please contact us today to schedule an appointment!