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Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness and visual impairment in the US, and can affect patients of all ages, many of whom do not experience any symptoms and may not be aware that they have the disease. Glaucoma actually refers to a group of diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve as a result of increased pressure within the eye, but can also be caused by a severe eye infection, injury, blocked blood vessels or inflammatory conditions of the eye.

There are two main types of glaucoma, open-angle and angle-closure. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma and involves fluid in the eye not draining properly through the trabecular meshwork. Angle-closure glaucoma involves a sudden buildup of pressure in the eye and poor drainage because the angle between the iris and the cornea is too narrow.

Many patients do not experience any symptoms during the early stages of glaucoma, including no pain and no vision loss. This makes it difficult for many patients to know if they have the disease. But as glaucoma progresses, patients may experience a loss of peripheral or side vision, along with sudden eye pain, headache, blurred vision or the appearance of halos around lights.

Diagnosing Glaucoma

While some patients may experience symptoms from glaucoma as the disease progresses, others do not learn they have the condition until they undergo a routine eye exam. There are several different exams performed to diagnose glaucoma, including a visual field and visual acuity test. These tests measure peripheral vision and how well patients can see at various distances. Other tests may also be performed, such as tonometry to measure the pressure inside the eye and pachymetry to measure the thickness of the cornea, and optic nerve scans to evaluate the health of the nerve.

Treatment For Glaucoma

Once glaucoma has been diagnosed, treatment should begin as soon as possible to help minimize the risk of permanent vision loss. There is no cure for glaucoma, so treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing further damage from occurring. Most cases of glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, laser surgery or microsurgery. The best treatment for your individual case depends on the type and severity of the disease, and can be discussed with your doctor.

Eye drops are used to reduce fluid production in the front of the eye or to help drain excess fluid, but can lead to redness, stinging, irritation or blurry vision. Patients should tell their doctor about any drug reactions to minimize the risk of side effects.

Laser surgery for glaucoma aims to increase the outflow of fluid from the eye or eliminate fluid blockages (such as laser trabeculoplasty, iridotomy and cyclophotocoagulation.)

Preventing Glaucoma

While there are no surefire ways to prevent glaucoma from developing, regular screenings and early detection are the best forms of protection against the harmful damage that the disease can cause. While anyone can develop glaucoma, some people are at a higher risk for developing disease. These people may include those who:

  • Are over the age of 60
  • African Americans over the age of 40
  • Have a family history of glaucoma
  • Have poor vision
  • Have diabetes

Patients should have a comprehensive, dilated eye exam at least once every two years, especially if they have a higher risk of developing glaucoma. Older patients may be encouraged to be tested more frequently.

To learn more about glaucoma and how you can be tested for this serious condition, please call us today to schedule an appointment with one of our doctors.

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ATTENTION FLORIDA EYE CLINIC PATIENTS

Dear Patients,

Along with our continued tradition of providing excellence in eye care, the health, safety and wellbeing of our patients, staff and doctors is of the utmost importance to us.

In light of COVID-19, as we slowly re-open our doors we will continue to follow the CDC guidelines for safety as outlined below:

  • COVID-19 questions will be asked of you.
  • Temperature checks will be performed upon arrival.
  • All patients must wear masks for their visits.
  • No guests will be permitted to accompany patients, unless the patients need assistance. You will be able to call your loved one from the exam room if you want them to participate in the discussion with doctor/ surgical counselor.
  • We will expedite your visit by calling you the day before for pertinent health information. Please have your medication list available when we call, along with the name and phone number of your primary care doctor and pharmacy.
  • Please use our mobile check in for your appointments, you will receive a text or email.
  • If you cannot do mobile check in, please click on patient resources on our website and print patient forms and complete those before arrival. Or stop by our offices in advance of your appointment to obtain your forms. You will not be permitted to complete the paperwork in our lobby areas.
  • You will receive email notices informing you “what to do when you arrive for your appointment.”
  • Make certain we have your cell phone number and email on file.

We look forward to serving you in safe and caring environment in a professional and expeditious manner. If you have any questions, please call a member of our team at 407-834-7776 and press 2

 

Stay healthy and safe.

Sincerely,

Florida Eye Clinic Doctors and Staff


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